Before deciding to clip their dog’s ears, owners should carefully consider all of their options.
Along with tail docking and the removal of dew claws, ear clipping was first used as a preventative precaution many centuries ago. In those days, there were no medicines or anaesthetics available to treat infections, and there were no veterinary surgeons to treat and treat injuries, wounds, and infections. The practical experience of owners taught them to surgically remove, during the first few days of a puppy’s existence, any parts of the animal’s body that were prone to ripping.
The tails of hunting dogs, which are traditionally clipped because they furiously wag their tails while they are on scent, The dew claws, which have the potential to be caught and torn off in dense undergrowth, have been eliminated. Because they were such an accessible target during fights, the majority of the canines who participated in them had their ears trimmed. Breeds such as the American Staffordshire Terrier and the Bull Terrier were shortened as a consequence. (However, breeders of Bull Terriers have ceased clipping dogs’ ears over a century ago and have learnt to choose dogs for breeding that have short ears that stand up straight.)
Some breeds of hunting dogs and guard dogs, such as the Great Dane (which was a boarhound back then) and the Boxer, had their ears cut to reduce the risk of harm. Because they spent the majority of their lives protecting flocks from predators like wolves and bears, the ears of many flockguarding breeds, such as the Caucasian Owtcharka of Russia and the Akbash Dog of Turkey, were nearly amputated (across, almost flush with the head), as a result of the fact that these dogs spent the majority of their lives outside with the flocks. Even the Saluki had its ears cropped in its native Arabia, most likely because the presence of flies and maggots in wounds encourages their fast proliferation. Due to their cut ears, a good number of the early desert-born Salukis that were imported to the United States could not be displayed there.
The majority of early ear harvests were characterised by their brevity and roughness. Cropping became more of a fashion statement rather than a necessary preventative measure as breakthroughs in husbandry and medicine lessened the necessity for small ears. The patients were given anaesthetic before surgery, and the resulting cuts had a tendency to grow longer and more elegant and aesthetically pleasing in form. The Little Pinscher and the Miniature Schnauzer, for example, are miniature versions of bigger dog breeds like the Pinscher and the Schnauzer. Miniature versions of these dogs are popular. However, breeders of Toy Manchester Terriers have resisted this practise and do not authorise cropping, despite the fact that cropping is legal for Standard Manchester Terriers.
There is no longer any scientifically demonstrated justification for the practise of ear cropping. There are others who believe that it protects against ear infections; yet, vets often observe erect-eared dogs (both natural and cropped) that are suffering from ear infections. Furthermore, if this were the case, the act of cropping Cocker Spaniels and other spaniels, as well as Poodles, Bearded Collies, and Mastiffs, would have been widely accepted by now.
Ear cropping is now considered to be nothing more than a kind of cosmetic surgery. You may choose to crop your ears if you like the way the cropped ear looks, but doing so is completely optional. The operation should be performed as soon as possible, preferably during the first six weeks of life for bigger breeds and within the first nine weeks of life for smaller types. Not only is there greater pain, but there is also more memory of suffering in a dog that is older than 16 weeks. Because the majority of the ear cartilage is already fixed permanently by the age of four months, there is little room for manoeuvrability when it comes to bracing and teaching the cut ear to stand following surgery. Each owner is responsible for making their own decision on ear cropping, and that decision ought to be well-informed.
You get to choose which of those canines, with or without clipped ears, comes home with you.